To initiate development of mind and install intellectual competence in the child.This sanskar is performed at the age when a child starts initial schooling- generally between 4-6 years. The Vidhyarambha sanskar is indeed the righteous initiation of knowledge. It is performed to initiate development of mind and to instill intellectual competence in a child. School and College teaching may make a child 'learned' and help attain material prosperity, but true knowledge comes through the arousal and training of the sentimental core, righteous orientation of thoughts and appraisal and aspiration of the divine purpose of life . Attainment of Vidhya meets these objectives in a natural way.